机电技术在农业上的应用及其对经济和环境可持续发展的意义



活动地点:延长校区机械楼302室

活动时间:2017-12-06 14:00:00

报告题目:"Mechatronic applications in agriculture to ensure economic and environmental sustainability"

           机电技术在农业上的应用,及其对经济和环境可持续发展的意义

报告地点: 延长校区机械楼302室

 

报告时间:12 月6日下午2

报告人:Dr. Aitazaz A. FarooqueUniversity of Prince Edward IslandCanada


Abstract

Knowledge of spatial variability in soil, crop, and yield attributes can establish the basis for efficient nutrient management on an as-needed basis. Currently, crop management practices within agricultural fields are implemented uniformly with inadequate attention being given to substantial variations in soil properties, crop characterstics and yield, which not only increase cost of production but also poses a serious threat to the environemnt.

The map and sensor based precision agriculture (PA) technologies are capable of encountering these spatial variations, to allocate nutrients site-specifcally based on need. The concept of dilneating management zones (MZs) based on proper characterization and quantification of soil and crop variablity using sensors, has been proposed as a solution to more efficiently apply agricultural inputs in variable rate (VR) fashion to ensure sustainability of agricultural resources.

The geo-referenced soil and crop attributes significantly affecting the crop yield can be used to develop MZz for site-specific nutrient management. The combined approach of using sensor and map based PA technology, in conjunction with statistcal, geo-statistical and geographical information system (GIS) can aid in developing MZs without prior knowledge of productivity with the internal homogeneity and external heterogeneity. The MZs can be incorporated into the VR technology for site-specific applications to ensure economic and environmental sustainability.

Biography of Dr Aitazaz A. Farooque

Dr. Aitazaz A. Farooque is working as an assistant professor at the School of Sustainable Design Engineering, University of Prince Edward Island. Dr. Farooque has been teaching a variety of engineering courses. Dr. Farooque has been working on various industrial research projects over the past eight years. He has expertise/skills in engineering design, development and management, instrumentation testing, and evaluation of sensors and controllers. He has been developing hardware and software for automation of machines to sense targets in real-time for spot application of agrochemicals. Dr. Farooque’s research focus has been on developing sensing and control systems, and on mechanical modification in the hardware and integration of sensors onto the machines to perform specific tasks required by industry. He incorporated the custom developed hardware and software using computer programming, electro-mechanical design, electronics, and digital communications techniques, into the applicators, for real-time spot applications to improve profitability and environmental sustainability.

Dr. Farooque possesses expertise in developing/modification of agricultural equipment, applications of DGPS and GIS, and delineation of management zones for site-specific fertilization. He has skills in electromagnetic induction methods, remote sensing, digital photography technique, conducting field experiments, data collection and analysis and spatial data analysis. He evaluated the impact of intelligent technologies on environment (lysemeters, volatilization chambers and runoff plots). He also has expertise in bio-systems modeling, analog and digital sensor integration into agricultural equipment for soil, plant and fruit yield mapping in real-time.

Dr. Farooque highlighted the significance of his industrial research in peer-reviewed journals, conference proceedings, workshops, industry meetings and farmer’s field days. He mentoring/supervising undergraduate and graduate students. He is a Professional Engineer and registered in both PEI and Nova Scotia, Canada.